Updated: Jan 04, 2024
Canada is a popular destination for business and tourist travel. However, there are some travellers who have no intention of visiting Canada for either purpose but find themselves needing to use a Canadian airport or city as a as a stopover destination en-route to a non-Canadian destination. In these instances, eligible travellers can apply for an eTA for transit purposes.
Travelers wishing to obtain an eTA for business purposes should review the eTA requirements before applying. The basic requirements for any traveller visiting Canada are as follows:
If IRCC determines an applicant to not be eligible to receive an eTA, the eTA application will be refused. The most typical reasons for refusal are due to not responding to an IRCC GCKey request prior to the deadline, thus many refusals can be avoided as long as applicants monitor their emails for communication from IRCC. Applicants will receive notification of the refusal via email, as well as on the GCKey account dashboard for the relevant case file.
Applicants who have been denied eTA can reapply if they feel the conditions of the refusal no longer apply, or they realize they have made a mistake on their application which may have resulted in the refusal. Applicants can clarify their circumstances on the subsequent application in regards to specific background questions which may have resulted in the initial refusal.
eTA refusals can be appealed. To an appeal an eTA decision, an application would need to make a request to the Federal Court of Canada to review the case. An applicant would need to hire a Canadian Immigration lawyer to help initiate the process. The lawyer will then document the history of the applicant’s immigration history up until the point of receiving the eTA refusal, including any relevant communications between the applicant and IRCC. The Canadian immigration lawyer would request for a judicial review, which the Federal Court will review and decide upon. If the Federal Court decides on the applicant’s favour, the eTA refusal would be overturned.
An approved eTA does not guarantee admission into Canada for transit purposes. IRCC has the authority to deny any eTA approved traveller entry into Canada. Denials at the border could be due to reasons such as failing to provide documents requested by border officials, such as a passport, or involvement in criminal, or terrorist activities. Furthermore, approved eTA applicants can be denied entry into Canada for posing health or financial risks.
Canada has many airports that service flight connections to hundreds of major cities around the world. It has thus become a convenient destination for travellers wishing to utilize Canadian airports or cities for stopover destinations en-route to a traveller’s final destination.